ANIMALS IN TEACHING & RESEARCH
scientific research Teachers and institutions using animals to:
Virtually all research conducted in the Biological Science/Agric and Medical Complex involves the use of animals. The University believes that researches with animals is necessary but should observe ethical conducts, since these researches advances our ability to improve human and animal well-being.
Animals are to be used only for valid scientific studies with a reasonable expectation of obtaining knowledge for the potential benefit of people and animals. The welfare of animals used in research has gained attention globally that has led to the development of guidelines and in some instances national laws governing animal experimentation.
An "animal experiment" is any procedure which uses animals for one or more of the following "scientific purposes":
(i) the advancement of knowledge
(ii) to test a hypothesis
(iii) to supply a product
(iv) to provide organs or tissues or sera
(v) to act as a host
(vi) to impart or demonstrate existing knowledge
(v) to teach or learn surgical or other techniques
(vi) to make audiovisual recordings or any of the above
(vii) to fulfill statutory requirements for testing, or collecting data on, any substance or product.
Recently however, funding for animal model based research in more advanced countries has dwindled in favor of non-animal model techniques which include synthetic models, cadaver models as well as computer simulations, these styles of instruction are often unavailable in poorer developing countries, hence animal model based studies shall remain relevant in both biomedical research and surgical training.
The University shall therefore set up an ABU Committee on Animal Use and Care (ABUCAUC) to ensure that research animals where unavoidable, are treated with respect and compassion. The Committee members are to frequently observe all research animals within the University as well as provide or cause to be provided first-class care and attention. The relevant Department in the University (Veterinary Surgery and Medicine) shall also have in place a postgraduate course in Animal Handling, Restraint and Management to be made mandatory for all researchers and other animal users. This is to ensure that scientists using research animals are trained and competent to carry out procedures in ways that will avoid or minimize distress to theanimals.